Endodontics - Root Canal Treatment
A root canal treatment is a dental procedure to remove inflamed or infected pulp on the inside of the tooth which is then carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed. Root canal treatment is designed to eliminate bacteria from the infected root canal, prevent reinfection of the tooth and save the natural tooth.
The biggest reason for the need for root canal treatment is untreated caries. Over time, the microorganisms that cause caries progress in the tissues and cause the pulp of the tooth to become inflamed. In this case, most patients experience severe toothache and sensitivity to hot and cold.
Another need for root canal treatment is the loss of tooth vitality due to trauma. In this case, which can occur even without caries, patients usually experience discoloration of the teeth and pain with pressure in the areas corresponding to the root tip.
Root canal treatment is performed under local anesthesia and contrary to popular belief, it is not a painful procedure. It can be completed in one or several sessions depending on the history of the tooth. After the decay in the tooth is cleaned, the structure consisting of vessels, nerves and connective tissue called pulp is removed from the root with special tools. The remaining space in the root is then expanded, cleaned and the healthy roots are filled with special fillings. After the treatment, the treated teeth should be monitored with dental x-rays at regular intervals.